The man that could have united Korea

The man that could have united the Korea into a single nation was prevented to accomplish that far reaching achievement by Harry Truman, then the incumbent President of the United States.

The executive decision that changed destiny of the two Koreas forever took place this week, sixty eight years ago, on April 1951, during the Korean War, the first hostility of Cold War, the long period of confrontation between the communism and the western world.

The war started with a sudden invasion by Northern armed forces, with Russian and Chinese military backing, of the Southern region, an incursion that took the West by surprise and resulted the communist invading forces taking most of the peninsula, including Seoul, the capital.

Douglas MacArthur, the same American General, who  a few years earlier  had submitted Japan  to  unconditional surrender, managed to swing the course of the war ,thanks a quick succession of military manoeuvres that cut  the North Korean  army supply lines from China support .

The American forces offensive under Douglas MacArthur command gained such momentum that it not only recaptured the territory, that earlier had fallen to the Communists, but also overrun enemy forces pushing them to the Chinese border.

The victorious progression was brought to sudden end by the fearful American President, worried about escalation into full confrontation with China.

There is however no margin of doubt that had not the American general taken such swift and decisive action the whole Korean peninsula would be today under communist rule.

This is where history takes us to a crossroad , wondering what would have happened if the American general had not been removed from his command and if the Second World War era of American military supremacy could have imposed a defeat to the communist forces conducive of a settlement joining both Koreas.

The removal of the American celebrated war hero changed the course of the war and history.

The Korean conflict would result in an ambiguous arrangement that originated both Korean nations, divided then as today: the tyrannical communist regime in the North and a flourishing economy and a democratic society in the South.  

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