Ireland’s history has endured a long period of tribulation since it was invaded by England‘s King Henry VIII army in the 16th century and the overthrowing of the Irish Fitzgerald dynasty, the original Gaelic islands’ inhabitants.
During the next four centuries, Ireland was subjected to a Protestant English colonization which was not different from other British colonies.
The land acquired by expropriation was designated by “plantations” , a term later generalized to other British possessions in the Americas or in the Far East colonies
The Protestant settlers set up a rule which deprived the Catholic population of land ownership, the right to bear arms or to occupy public jobs and specific professions.
The penal laws instituted by English Protestants blocking Catholics from inheriting property led to Catholic land ownership falling to about 5 %, resulting and famine and immense poverty among the Irish population.
Irish population poverty in the late nineteenth century caused massive immigration to the new American nation and to the Caribbean when Irish plantation laborers took the labor of liberated slaves.
The revolt of the Irish people culminated in the 1912 uprising and a long and bloody war towards independence achieving twenty years later the formation of the Republic of Ireland.
England would not accept the complete independence of the island, based on the fact that there was a significant portion of the population being Protestant in the northern region of the island.
The institution of the Northern Ireland province, linked to England, did not stifle the desire for the complete unification of the two territories.
Periods of unrest and extreme violence and political rivalry between catholic and Protestants continued until today.
Two major facts contributing to the unification of the island will be more powerful than guns and extremist politics
Demographics in Northern Ireland are showing a predictable trend revealing that the catholic population has grown much faster than protestants.
From a clear protestant majorly at the time of the establishment of Northern Ireland the 2011 census indicated that the same segment has dwindled to 48 % of the population.
More importantly, the”Brexit” process revealed that both Protestants and Catholics of Northern Ireland, with exception of radical political minorities, do not want to leave the European Union.
If as projected that the ongoing 2021 census will confirm a Catholic population majority, which means that Irish people will vote for unification with the Republic of Ireland.
A lengthy path to total island sovereignty that has taken almost 500 years, that neither Boris Johnson nor the Queen can prevent.